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Homemade Nut Butter – A Complete Guide

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Homemade nut butter is easy to make and often more inexpensive compared to the artisan flavored nut butters you’d buy at the grocery. Natural nut butter requires nothing more than nuts, but with these helpful tips you can easily learn how to make your own nut butter a little more gourmet.

an overhead shot of a jar of homemade peanut butter

Oh peanut butter, my go to dip for apples and carrots, my breakfast spread, my eat a spoonful snack…okay you get it, I freaking love peanut butter. Actually, I love all sorts of nut butters, almond, cashew, there are so many options now it’s hard to choose! Sadly, if you’re looking for natural nut butters, they can get pretty pricey!

The good news is…Homemade nut butter is ridiculously simple. In less than 10 minutes, I can have fresh nut butter, catered to exactly my tastes and whims, without the gourmet price tag.

I’m going to walk you through how to make your own nut butter, with any nut and flavor you choose! You’ll also find a recipe for my personal favorite, Maple Cinnamon peanut butter at the end.

A plate with a slice of bread topped with peanut butter

Choosing Your Nuts – Key Tips

The beauty of making your own homemade nut butter is that you can do whatever suits your needs or cravings that day. Want cinnamon honey almond butter? Or maybe vanilla spiced pecan butter? A simple maple peanut butter? Any and all can be made very, very simply.

almonds, peanuts, and pecans laid out on a table in three rows
  • Buy nuts in bulk – it takes several cups to produce a reasonable amount of nut butter. Since nuts last a good while (longer if you store them sealed tightly in the fridge), buy in bulk and never be without!
  • Buy Roasted, Unsalted nuts – Whenever possible I prefer pre-roasted, but not salted nuts. This allows me to control the salt level, but cuts out the roasting/cooling step. If that’s not available, I’d personally go with the unsalted option, and roast them myself!

Natural Oils in Nuts

It’s also important to consider level of oil in the nut you pick. The higher the oil level, the more oil that will be released during blending, and the more liquid your nut butter will be. The nuts with lower oil content might need some added to reach the texture you like. Here’s a handy list of fat content in nuts.

a chart listing the oil content in common nuts
*This percentage is for the English Walnut (the most commonly eaten in the US). For Black walnuts the oil content is 59% and will work just as well.

When making homemade peanut butter, extra oil is unnecessary (for me). Peanuts produce PLENTY of oil, once they’ve been allowed to grind properly.

My advice is to blend first, add oil later. Many recipes call for added oil, but in my tests that produced a loose, liquid like nut butter that became drippy when it came to room temp. Let your nuts blend, it takes time, and ONLY if they’re ground into a smooth paste and you find it too thick, add oil. If needed, usually a tablespoon or two of something flavorless, like canola, vegetable, or grapeseed oil is perfect to get those nut butters to your ideal texture.

If you’re using a nut with a higher oil content than peanuts, you’ll be fine, if it seems loose, it will thicken in the fridge.

PRO TIP: Seeds can also be made into butter! (Think sunbutter made from sunflower seeds or tahini from sesame seeds) If you’re itching to try it, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, and poppy seeds all contain natural oils in the range of 45-50%, so go for it! Toast and blend, same process!

Flavoring your Nut Butter

brown sugar, white sugar and honey in bowls surrounded by whole cloves and cinnamon sticks

This is where your homemade nut butter goes from simple and easy to gourmet. While I ALWAYS recommend a pinch or two of salt (unless you’re using salted nuts), you can flavor your spreads any way you like. Common ingredients include sweeteners and spices.

Sweeteners – Most sugars I’ve tried work great! While syrup sugars work, add them slowly, they can produce a sticky texture if you add too much.

  • Brown or White sugar
  • Honey
  • Maple Syrup
  • Date Syrup
  • Agave
  • Corn Syrup

Spices – Let your creativity shine!! I’ve yet to find a spice that doesn’t blend in nicely. Start with 1/2 tsp (less for powerful spices like cayenne or clove).

  • Vanilla – go with fresh scraped beans or paste
  • Cloves
  • Allspice
  • Cinnamon
  • Nutmeg
  • Ginger
  • Black Pepper
  • Cayenne

Get Creative! – There are so many possibilties I’m sure I haven’t even thought of yet. Here are a few suggestions for unique additions.

  • Cocoa Powder (nutella anyone?)
  • Espresso Powder (because why not!)
  • Flax seed – a lovely health boost, and a nutty flavor!

PRO TIP: It’s also useful to know that some nuts have a natural sweetness thanks to free sugar content in their makeup. Pistachios, cashews, and pine nuts have more free sugars than others and may require little or no added sugar.

You certainly don’t have to add flavorings at all! If you like the pure flavor of a nut, you can blend and enjoy. Or, if you’re feeling like a shortcut buy flavored nuts like honey roasted peanuts or cocoa almonds to make your nut butter!

PRO TIP: Be wary of water based flavoring agents! Liquid extracts like vanilla can make your nut butter seize up and become unpleasant. Instead, add fresh vanilla bean or paste. Always wait until the end to add your flavorings and use syrups sparingly!

Making Homemade Nut Butter

Alright, you’ve chosen your nuts, and you’re ready to make some homemade nut butter. It’s so simple with just a few steps. I recommend a food processor or a quality blender to get the job done.

nut butter in four stages, whole nuts, ground nuts, a smooth paste, then with flavors added to it.
  1. Add your nuts to your blender/processor. Blend until creamy. This will go through several stages.
  2. First, your nuts will turn into crumbs, scrape down the sides with a spatula and blend again.
  3. It will turn to a crumbly paste. Keep blending, occasionally scraping down the sides. As the nuts get finer the oils will release and a paste will form.
  4. If you like chunky nut butter, stop when you’ve reached a happy place. If you like it completely smooth, keep blending.
  5. Add Flavorings. When you’ve hit a consistency you like, add your flavors. Blend to incorporate and taste. Adjust if needed. Once the flavors are to your liking…you’re done!
  6. Store in jar or container in the fridge. Without stabilizers like the store bought stuff, your nut butter needs the cold. Be sure to keep your homemade nut butter in the refrigerator, where it will keep for 4 weeks. You can also freeze it for up to 4 months.

You can expect this entire process to take about 10 to 15 minutes in your average food processor. If you have a high powdered blender like a ninja, it took about 4 to 5 one minute cycles.

PRO TIP: A blender will produce more heat when making natural nut butter. It’s best to work in cycles, blend for a minute or two, scrape down the sides, repeat.

a plate with a slice of bread topped with peanut butter and red jelly in front of an apple and two jars

FAQ’S

Why did my nut butter seize up? (Get gritty/lumpy/not smooth)

If there is any water based liquid added to your mixture while blending this can cause nuts to seize. Avoid vanilla or other extracts, juices, and make sure your blender or processor bowl is dry and clean before beginning.

How can I make chunky nut butter?

Two choices, either blend to the point of it having small chunks and stop. (Adding some oil may be needed if you don’t blend the nuts smooth.) OR, blend into a smooth paste and add coarsely chopped nuts, mixing them in like you would a batter.

Oil has separated from my nut butter in storage!

This is common for nuts with high oil content, simply stir it in and use. I find this happens less in the fridge, almost never with peanuts or other low oil nuts.

Can I mix nuts?

Hey, there are no rules here! Maybe Pistachio almond butter is the new thing!

Go Nuts!

Now you know everything you need to make homemade nut butter, so go on! Next time your at the market, take a glance at those fancy gourmet nut butters, check out the flavors, and then walk away with a smile and make it yourself for cheaper. As always, happy eating!

While you’re here, check out these other pantry staples you can make at home:

a jar of peanut butter in front of a sliced apple and plate
5 from 4 votes

Homemade Nut Butter (Maple Cinnamon Peanut Butter Suggestion)

Print Recipe
Follow these instructions to make any type of homemade nut butter. For inspiration, try my suggestion for a maple cinnamon peanut butter!
Prep Time:15 mins
Total Time:15 mins

Ingredients

General Nut Butter

  • 4 cups nut of choice
  • 1/4 tsp salt
  • 1-2 Tbs sweetener of choice Start with less, add more as needed
  • 1-2 Tbs neutral oil optional, ONLY if needed*

Maple Cinnamon Peanut Butter

  • 4 cups roasted, unsalted peanuts
  • 1 1/2 Tbs pure maple syrup
  • 1/2 tsp cinnamon
  • 1/4 tsp kosher salt

Instructions

General Nut Butter

  • Add nut of choice, to blender or food processor and blend until smooth. Pause occasionally to scrape down sides. 
    In a good blender, 4 – 5 one minute cycles while scraping down the sides in between should work. In the food processor, expect 10-12 minutes.
  • Add salt, sweetener, and oil if you want a thinner butter. Blend and taste, adjust as needed. 
  • Store in jar in the fridge. This recipe makes 2.5 cups of nut butter.

Maple Cinnamon Peanut Butter

  • Follow the same instructions as above, using peanuts as nut of choice. Add in maple syrup, salt, and cinnamon at end and blend to combine, then store in fridge.

Notes

*Do not add oil until the end. The nuts WILL release oil as blended, but it will not seem like it at first. 
Nut butter will thicken in fridge. 
Avoid water based flavorings like extracts or juices to prevent seizing.
Nutrition facts and cooking times are offered as a best estimate. Values will vary based upon ingredients and equipment.

Nutrition

Serving: 1Tbs | Calories: 56kcal | Carbohydrates: 2g | Protein: 2g | Fat: 5g | Saturated Fat: 1g | Sodium: 82mg | Potassium: 63mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 1g | Calcium: 6mg | Iron: 1mg
Course: Condiment
Cuisine: American
Keyword: condiment, nuts, pantry staple
Servings: 64
Calories: 56kcal
Author: Mikayla M

Originally Published 4/28/2019, Updated 3/29/2020

Nutrition information and cooking times are provided as a best estimate. Values may vary based upon ingredients and equipment.

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10 Comments

  1. 5 stars
    What a delicious looking spread! I’ve never made anything like this; you’ve inspired me to give this a try!

  2. Wow thanks so much for listing the fat content in each type of nut!! Never even considers that. I bet the same old natural peanut butter all the time which is great but I definitely should make my own sometime (:

  3. 5 stars
    You make this sound so easy! I’ve never tried making my own nut butter before, but you’ve tempted me to give it a try. I especially like the sound of the flavoured ones!

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